Federal Programs

What Is Title I?

Title I, Part A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as amended by the Every Student Succeeds (ESSA) Act, is designed to help disadvantaged children reach high academic standards.

The Purpose of Title I

The purpose of Title I is to ensure that all children have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high-quality education and reach, at a minimum, proficiency on challenging State academic achievement standards and state academic assessments. This purpose can be accomplished by —

(1) Ensuring that high-quality academic assessments, accountability systems, teacher preparation and training, curriculum, and instructional materials are aligned with challenging State academic standards so that students, teachers, parents, and administrators can measure progress against common expectations for student academic achievement;

(2) Meeting the educational needs of low-achieving children in our Nation's highest-poverty schools, limited English proficient children, migratory children, children with disabilities, Indian children, neglected or delinquent children, and young children in need of reading assistance;

(3) Closing the achievement gap between high- and low-performing children, especially the achievement gaps between minority and nonminority students, and between disadvantaged children and their more advantaged peers;

(4) Holding schools, local educational agencies, and States accountable for improving the academic achievement of all students, and identifying and turning around low-performing schools that have failed to provide a high-quality education to their students, while providing alternatives to students in such schools to enable the students to receive a high-quality education;

(5) Distributing and targeting resources sufficiently to make a difference to local educational agencies and schools where needs are greatest;

(6) Improving and strengthening accountability, teaching, and learning by using State assessment systems designed to ensure that students are meeting challenging State academic achievement and content standards and increasing achievement overall, but especially for the disadvantaged;

(7) Providing greater decision making authority and flexibility to schools and teachers in exchange for greater responsibility for student performance;

(8) Providing children an enriched and accelerated educational program, including the use of schoolwide programs or additional services that increase the amount and quality of instructional time;

(9) Promoting schoolwide reform and ensuring the access of children to effective, scientifically based instructional strategies and challenging academic content;

(10) Significantly elevating the quality of instruction by providing staff in participating schools with substantial opportunities for professional development;

(11) Coordinating services under all parts of this title with each other, with other educational services, and, to the extent feasible, with other agencies providing services to youth, children, and families; and

(12) Affording parents substantial and meaningful opportunities to participate in the education of their children.

Listed are the Federal programs provided by Montgomery Public Schools (MPS) under the Every Student Succeeds (ESSA) Act:

Title I, Part C - Education of Migratory Children

It is the purpose of this part to . . .

(1) in supporting high-quality and comprehensive educational programs for migratory children to help reduce the educational disruptions and other problems that result from repeated moves;

(2) in ensuring that migratory children are provided with appropriate educational services (including supportive services) that address their special needs in a coordinated and efficient manner; and

(3) ensure that migratory children receive full and appropriate opportunities to meet the same challenging State academic content and student academic achievement standards that all children are expected to meet.

Title I, Part D - Prevention and Intervention Programs for Children and Youth who are Neglected, Delinquent, or At-Risk

It is the purpose of this part to . . .

(1) improve educational services for children and youth in local and state institutions for neglected or delinquent children and youth so that such children and youth have the opportunity to meet the same challenging State academic content standards and challenging State student academic achievement standards that all children in the State are expected to meet;

(2) provide such children and youth with the services needed to make a successful transition from institutionalization to further schooling or employment; and

(3) prevent at-risk youth from dropping out of school, and to provide dropouts, and children and youth returning from correctional facilities or institutions for neglected or delinquent children and youth, with a support system to ensure their continued education.

Title II - Preparing, Training, and Recruiting High Quality Teachers and Principals

The purpose of this title is to provide grants to . . .

(1) increase student academic achievement through strategies such as improving teacher and principal quality and increasing the number of highly qualified teachers in the classroom and high qualified principals and assistant principals in schools; and

(2) hold district and schools accountable for improvements in student academic achievement.

Title III - Language Instruction for Limited English Proficient and Immigrant Students

The purpose of this title is to . . .

(1) ensure that children who are limited English proficient, including immigrant children and youth, attain English proficiency;

(2) develop high levels of academic attainment in English; and

(3) meet the same challenging State academic content and student academic achievement  standards that all children are expected to meet.

To view a full text version of the Every Student Succeeds Act, https://www2.ed.gov/documents/essa-act-of-1965.pdf